Latest

[recent][ticker1]
r
September 24, 2016

MCQ's on Infection Control for Staff Nurse and Medical Exams [Objective]

1. Growth replication determined by environment

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



2. Tend to mutate or change during replication making it very difficult for a host to develop adequate immunity

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa




3. Touching infectious lesion or sexual intercourse

A. Direct contact
B. Indirect contact
C. Droplet transmission
D. Vector-borne
E. Noscomial



4. Released after cell death and may cause fever, weakness, or may have serious effects on the circulatory dysfunction

A. Endotoxins
B. Exotoxins



5. The reservoir is the source of infection (person,animal, water, food)

A. True
B. False



6. Pathogens are:

A. Disease causing microbes germs or bugs
B. Non disease causing and are benificial



7. Occurring when respiratory of salivary secretions containing pathogens such as influenza or tb are expelled from the body

A. Direct contact
B. Indirect contact
C. Droplet transmission
D. Vector-borne
E. Nosocomial



8. Diffuse through bodily fluid and they stimulate antibodies or antitoxin production

A. Endotoxins
B. Exotoxins


Ans:b

9. Common signs and symptoms include cysts, abdominal pain, appeteite loss, ulcers, anemia

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



10. Some have an external capsule or slime layer offering additonal protection against human defenses

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protazoa



11. Single individuals or localized groups

A. Epidemic
B. Pandemic
C. Endemic



12. Live and grow everywhere (animals, plants, humans, food, medical equipment)

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



13. Worms, not microorganisms but are parasites and cause infection in humans. They destroy living cells and are common in intestines, heart, worms, hookworms, whipworms, and round worms

A. Influenza
B. Amebic dysentery
C. Helminths



14. Drugs derived from organisms such as penicillin from mold. Now many drugs are synthetic

A. Anitmicrobials
B. Anitibiotics
C. Bactericidal



15. Causes skin infections

A. Staphylococci
B. Streptoccia
C. Diplococci



16. Not causing disease and may be benificial

A. Pathogenic
B. Non-pathogenic


17. Ends when the host reisitance becomes effective

A. Incubation period
B. Prodromal period
C. Acute period



18. Genetic material takes over control of the host cell, using the host's capacity for cell metabolism for replication

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



19. Staph that has developed resistance to penicillin and methicillin and related drugs, primary mode of transmission is hands, life threatening

A. Vre
B. Mrsa (methicillin resistant staphlococcus aureus)




20. Protozoa that causes a sexually transmitted infection of the reproductive tracts of men and women, attaching to the mucous membranes and causing inflammation

A. Amebic dysentery
B. Helminths
C. Trichomonas vaginalis



21. Worldwide infection

A. Epidemic
B. Pandemic
C. Endemic



22. Aids is caused by:

A. The herpes virus
B. Poor personal hygiene
C. The HIV virus
D. Contaminated food




23. Infection to a certain area consistently occurring in that popluation

A. Epidemic
B. Pandemic
C. Endemic



24. Spread through spores which are reisistant to temp changes and chemicals

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



25. Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through:

A. Oily skin
B. Dry skin
C. Broken skin
D. Moist skin




26. The time between entry of the organism into the body and appearnace of clinical signs symptoms of the disease

A. Incubation period
B. Prodromal period
C. Acute period



27. Cultures, blood tests, and radiology (x rays) are used to diagnose infection

A. True
B. False



28. Growth promoted by warmth and moisture

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



29. Infection occur in health care facilities including hospitals by any method (mrsa, vre).

A. Direct contact
B. Indirect contact
C. Droplet transmission
D. Vector-borne
E. Nosocomial



30. Involving intermediary such as a contaminated hand or food or inanimate objects

A. Direct contact
B. Indirect contact
C. Droplet transmission
D. Vector-borne
E. Nosocomial



31. Causes pneumonia

A. Staphylococci
B. Streptoccia
C. Diplococci



32. Causes respiratory infections

A. Staphylococci
B. Streptoccia
C. Diplococci



33. Require oxygen, carbs, a specific ph, temp

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protazoa



34. Very few are pathogenic, most are considered beneficial since they are important in the production of yogurt, beer, and other foods, as well as serving as a source of antiboitic drugs

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



35. Amebic dysentery of large intestines creating severe diarrhea and live abscesses, is caused by a parasite in the large intestines, vietnam vets, banannas

A. Std
B. Amebic dysentery
C. Helminths



36. May cause infection in the oral cavity (thrush in infants) or vaginal infection

A. Tinea pedis
B. Candida



37. Transmitted by oral fecal route, sex, water, shelfish,

A. Hep a
B. Hep b
C. Hep c
D. Hep d



38. Can live independently, some live on dead organic matter, and others are parasites living on or in another living host

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



39. Which are specific to target antifugal, antiviral, antibacterial, these drugs are unique to the type of organism and are not interchangeable

A. Antibiotics
B. Antimicrobials
C. Broad spectrum



40. Unicellular microorganisms that do not require living tissue to survive. They are very simple in structure with a very complex cell wall and they reproduce

A. Viruses
B. Bacteria
C. Fungi
D. Protozoa



41. Which exist in many similar forms or strains

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



42. When an insect or animal serves as an intermediary in a disease such as malaria

A. Direct contact
B. Indirect contact
C. Droplet transmission
D. Vector-borne
E. Nosocomial



43. More complex organism, unicellular, mobile, lack  a cell wall, and may change shapes

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



44. Hepatitis is a viral infection from liver

A. True
B. False



45. Hard to control, they can hide inside the human cell; they can alter the host cell chromosomes, thus leading to the development of malignant cells or cancer

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



46. A very small parasite that requires a living host cell for replication

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa



47. Ultrasonic bath cleaners are an effective way to clean tiny crevices in implements only when used with:

A. 70% isopropyl alcohol
B. Sodium hypochlorite
C. An effective disinfectant
D. An effective astringent




48. Most common nosocomial infection in the world, anaerovic bacterium infection, acquired in hospitals, develop colities following antibiotic intake, 1/3 infected dont have symptoms

A. Staph
B. Vre
C. Clostridium difficile



50. Some remain latent after invasion; they enter the host cells and replicate very slowly or not at all until some later time

A. Bacteria
B. Fungi
C. Viruses
D. Protozoa


MCQ's on Infection Control for Staff Nurse and Medical Exams [Objective] Reviewed by Rohit Ranjan on Saturday, September 24, 2016 Rating: 5 1. Growth replication determined by environment A. Bacteria B. Fungi C. Viruses D. Protozoa 2. Tend to mutate or change during...
[staffnursemcq][carousel1]

No comments: